Constant Salvation from Esau
The first verse of Parashas Toldos states, “These are the offspring of Isaac.” Who are the progeny of Isaac to which the verse refers? Rashi explains that the word “offspring” in this verse is a reference to Jacob and Esau, the twin sons of Isaac who are the topic of the entire parashah.
The haftorah is a selection from the Prophets that follows this theme, discussing the relationship — and contrast — between Jacob and Esau. The haftorah is taken from the first chapter of the Book of Malachi, the last of the twelve later prophets. In fact, the Talmud teaches that Malachi was the very last prophet of all. Considering that context, we can assume that this book was written sometime around 450 BCE, shortly after the Second Temple was built.
Although Malachi is often grouped with Chagai and Zechariah, because the three were the last prophets to lead the Jewish people, the books of Chagai and Zechariah contain more information regarding the period in which they lived, thus shedding light on their identities. Malachi’s book, on the other hand, does not specify in which time period he lived. Similarly, little is known about Malachi himself: we do not know the names of his parents, his life story, or any of his activities, aside from his task as a prophet who delivered some powerful messages to the Jewish people. It is even unclear whether he personally wrote the Book of Malachi or whether it was recorded after his death. Read the rest of this entry »